Integrated Pest Management, or IPM, is a cost effective approach proven to manage pest populations without undue use of chemical pesticides. It coordinates information on pest biology, the environment and available technologies to prevent pests from reaching an economically damaging level. IPM minimizes human health and environmental risks by lowering chemical dependence and limiting pest and pesticide exposure.
The IPM toolkit includes mechanical, cultural, chemical or even biological control methods. A successful IPM strategy involves effective inspection and monitoring to detect pest problems and correct inadequate conditions. The IPM Roadmap (USDA 2004) describes IPM as “…an effective, all encompassing, low-risk approach to protect resources and people from pests.”